General Architecture On Emil Hoppe's Elevation of an unknown apartment building, c. 1906

General Architecture on Alder & Sullivan's, Factory for Selz Schwab & Co, Chicago, 1886, model 3 – Drawing Matter

General Architecture (*2003), John Billberg (*1968), Fabian Blücher (*1971), Josef Eder (*1971), Olof Grip (*1970) and Erik Persson (*1973), Alder & Sullivan's Factory for Selz Schwab & Co, Chicago, 1886, 2018. Model.


We look upon the drawing of Emil Hoppe as a first draft of a building. The draft has travelled through time and it Is now our task to continue the work from our position. Continuation must be understood as something in between mere acceptance and rejection. For this task we accept the overall volume (as far as it could be read from the elevation at hand), we further accept the overall composition, rhythm and proportion of façade. We start our work on another scale.


The drawing represents a building with a high plinth and three additional stories. Although the plinth is very prominent and the façade has a clear grid-like structure it seems like a flat façade. The grid is in line with the closed corners as are the ornaments. The fields in between appear to be slightly sunken. Even the rustication of the plinth seems to be without real depth.


We wanted to add depth to this façade. As a first step we tried to draw it with clear shadows, but the ornaments and the rustication worked against the illusion of depth. We kept the overall geometry but transformed the ornaments and openings to optimise to give of a clear sense of depth, although the representation was still very flat. The rhythm and the overall composition remain the same, but it seems a more robust building.


In the final piece both the inevitable flatness of a drawing and a building with a deep relief are present.

– General Architecture

Check here to see General Architecture's relief alongside the flatness of Hoppe's original drawing; here to return to the curatorial statement for Alternative Histories alongside a slideshow; and here for a full list of participants and models as they emerge.