A Civic Utopia: Lexicon

Lexicon presents two examples of the new urban vocabulary, evolving in France from Roman precedents, and of its impact on the world at large — A proposal for a French cemetery in Rome that echoes ancient forms; and a selection of model projects from the circle of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts that show the distinctive language developed for the different building types of a secular, civil society.

André Châtillon, student of Charles Percier, Prix de Rome in 1809, opened a preparatory atelier for the Ecole des beaux-arts in 1824. These prints are from a large series intended to serve as models for his students. They show the range of new public architectural types that appeared since the end of the eighteenth century, perpetuating the tradition of the generation of Boullée and Ledoux by staying faithful to simple geometric forms and the influence of the antique. – BB

Mario Asprucci, Napoleonic cemetery design, plan and elevation, c.1800, DM 2607 IN SET – Drawing Matter

Mario Asprucci (1764–1804), A Design Possibly for the Napoleonic Cemetery in the Pineta Sachetti: plan and elevation, c. 1800. Pencil, pen, ink and wash on laid paper, another sheet attached verso, 490 × 650 mm. Drawing Matter Collections

Andre-Marie Chatillon, Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, p.8, DM 1601.8 – Drawing Matter

Andre-Marie Chatillon (1782–1859), Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture: Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, c. 1814 – 1830. Engraving on laid paper, 223 × 305 mm. Drawing Matter Collections

Andre-Marie Chatillon, Bibliotheque p.4, 1814-30, DM 1601.4 – Drawing Matter

Andre-Marie Chatillon (1782–1859), Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture: Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, c. 1814 – 1830. Engraving on laid paper, 305 × 221 mm. Drawing Matter Collections

Andre-Marie Chatillon, Hopital general, p.5, DM 1601.5 – Drawing Matter

Andre-Marie Chatillon (1782–1859), Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture: Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, c. 1814 – 1830. Engraving on laid paper, 305 × 223 mm. Drawing Matter Collections

Andre-Marie Chatillon, Public baths, DM 1601.9 – Drawing Matter

Andre-Marie Chatillon (1782–1859), Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture: Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, c. 1814 – 1830. Engraving on laid paper, 305 × 223 mm. Drawing Matter Collections

Andre-Marie Chatillon, Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture p.15 DM 1601.15 – Drawing Matter

Andre-Marie Chatillon (1782–1859), Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture: Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, c. 1814 – 1830. Engraving on laid paper, 225 × 305 mm. Drawing Matter Collections

Andre-Marie Chatillon, Foire ou Exposition, 1601.10 – Drawing Matter

Andre-Marie Chatillon (1782–1859), Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture: Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, c. 1814 – 1830. Engraving on laid paper, 305 × 223 mm. Drawing Matter Collections

Andre-Marie Chatillon, Edifice consacree, DM 1601.22 – Drawing Matter

Andre-Marie Chatillon (1782–1859), Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture: Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, c. 1814 – 1830. Engraving on laid paper, 305 × 223 mm. Drawing Matter Collections

Andre-Marie Chatillon, Maison de force, DM 1601.21 – Drawing Matter

Andre-Marie Chatillon (1782–1859), Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture: Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, c. 1814 – 1830. Engraving on laid paper, 305 × 223 mm. Drawing Matter Collections

Andre-Marie Chatillon, National Theatre, DM 1601.19 – Drawing Matter

Andre-Marie Chatillon (1782–1859), Recueil de Dessins D'Architecture: Bourse et Greniers ou Magasins, c. 1814 – 1830. Engraving on laid paper, 225 × 305 mm. Drawing Matter Collections